Yazı: Gönül Tekin


  1. Natural History (Loeb Classical Library, Eng. Trans. H. Rockham, Harvard Univ. Press, MCMLXVIII, 10 Vols.), C.VI, Book XIII. Chapter 33-34, s. 165.
  2. Narın diğer adları için bk. E.F. Steinmetz, Code Vegetabilis (Amsterdam 1957), s. 426; Dioscordides (Johannesburg 2000), Book I, s. 157, 1-151; C. Pickering, Chronological History of Plants (Boston 1879), s. 41-42. S. Langdon, Semitic Mytology, (Vol. 5, New York, 1964) s. 39, 64.
  3. Cheryl Ward, “Pomegranates in Eastern Mediterranean Contexts during the Late Bronze Age”, World Archaeology (Vol. 34 / 3, s. 529-541), s. 530; D. Zahary, M. Hopt. E. Weiss, Domestication of Plants in the Old World, The Origin and Spread at Domesticated Plants in Southwest Asia, Europe and other Mediterranean Basin (4th ed. Oxford 1912), s. 134-135.
  4. Ward. ayn. esr., s. 533.
  5. Thornkind Jacobsen, The Treasure of Darkness (Yale University Press, 1976) I. Bölüm, s. 63-73.
  6. The Flora of the Assyrian Monuments (Westminster, XDCCCXCIV), s. 41-65.
  7. Heredotus, The Histories (Penguin Classics, reprint 1973-74) s.114.
  8. Atilla Batmaz, “A New Ceremonial Practice at Ayanis Fortress: The Urartian Sacred Tree Ritual on the Eastern Shore of Lake Van”, (JNES, Vol. 72, number 1, April 2013), s. 41-77.
  9. Simo Parpola, “The Assyrian Tree of Life: Tracing the origins of Jewish Monotheism and Greek Philosophy (JNES, Vol. 52 number 3, July 1993) s. 162-163, s.200-202: A Glyptic Variants of the Assyrian Tree, and Variants of the Winged disk Icon.
  10. Simo Parpola, ayn. esr., s.164, s.200-202
  11. bu makalede resim 1 ve 2; resimler S. Parpola’nın makalesinden alınmıştır. S. 183, fig. 8, s. 162, fig.2.
  12. Tevrat, Exodus 28:33, 34:35. 33: “And beneath upon the hem of it thou shalt make pomegranates of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, round about the hem thereof; and bells of gold between them round about. 34: A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate upon the hem of the robe round about. 35: And it shall be upon Aaron to minister . . . .
  13. Exodus, 28:35: “when he goeth in unto the holy place before the Lord and when he cometh out, that he die not.”
  14. Tevrat, Deuteronomy 8:8, Numbers 13:23-24.
  15. Tevrat, I. Kings, 7:18, 20-21, 42.: “And chapiters upon the two pillars had pomegranates also above , over against the belly which was by the network; and the pomegranates were two hundred in rows round about upon the other chapiter, Ayrıca bk. 2 Chronicle 4:13
  16. Ayrıca bk. The Rev. Caldecott, W. Shaw, Solomon’s Temple, its History and its Structure (with a preface by The Rev. A. H. Sayce, London, The Religious Tract Society, 1907, 1998, 2002) s. 256-259.
  17. Ward, ayn. esr., s. 533-535, Table I ve II.
  18. esr., ayn, yer.